Alphonse, Count of Poitiers

Alphonse or Alfonso (11 November 1220  21 August 1271) was the Count of Poitou from 1225 and Count of Toulouse (as Alphonse II) from 1249. As count of Toulouse, he also governed the Marquisate of Provence.

Alphonse, as Count of Toulouse, recognised the autonomy of the commune of the town of Agen. In this illustration he takes an oath before the consuls with his right hand on the town ordinances, while sitting on a pedestal. The consul administering the oath is forced to go on his knees, symbolising Alphonse’s lordship and the town’s loyalty.
Alphonse, as Count of Toulouse, recognised the autonomy of the commune of the town of Agen. In this illustration he takes an oath before the consuls with his right hand on the town ordinances, while sitting on a pedestal. The consul administering the oath is forced to go on his knees, symbolising Alphonse’s lordship and the town’s loyalty.

. . . Alphonse, Count of Poitiers . . .

Born at Poissy, Alphonse was a son of Louis VIII, King of France and Blanche of Castile.[1] He was a younger brother of Louis IX of France and an older brother of Charles I of Anjou. In 1229, his mother, who was regent of France, forced the Treaty of Paris on Raymond VII of Toulouse after his rebellion.[2] It stipulated that a brother of King Louis was to marry Joan of Toulouse, daughter of Raymond VII of Toulouse, and so in 1237 Alphonse married her.[3] Since she was Raymond’s only child, they became rulers of Toulouse at Raymond’s death in 1249.[4]

By the terms of his father’s will Alphonse received an appanage of Poitou and Auvergne.[5] To enforce this Louis IX won the battle of Taillebourg in the Saintonge War together with Alphonse against a revolt allied with king Henry III of England, who also participated in the battle.[6]

. . . Alphonse, Count of Poitiers . . .

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. . . Alphonse, Count of Poitiers . . .

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