Arabic phrasebook

Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة‎) is a group of Semitic dialects spoken by more than 420 million people, mainly in North Africa and the Middle East. The literary form (Modern Standard Arabic, MSA) is the liturgical language for 1.6 billion Muslims and is the official written form of the language.

Arabic speaking areas
The following phrasebook deals with Modern Standard Arabic. See the Egyptian Arabic phrasebook, Jordanian Arabic phrasebook, Moroccan Arabic phrasebook, Lebanese Arabic phrasebook, or Tunisian Arabic phrasebook for Arabic dialects relating to those regions/countries.

For communication purposes while traveling and using this guide, it is very important to note the differences between MSA and dialects since they are largely mutually unintelligible. Well-educated people will generally be able to understand MSA, but usually respond in their local dialects. Comprehension of dialects between different regions will drop significantly. It is therefore recommended that travelers focus on learning the relevant dialect for their destination for spoken communication, while using MSA as a written reference.

. . . Arabic phrasebook . . .

Arabic script is written in a cursive script, even in print. Most letters change their shapes depending on their position (initial, medial or final).

Pronunciation varies regionally, but here is the loose description:

  • a like hat and sometimes father(IPA: /a/)
  • aa (ا) is a longer version of a(IPA: /aː/)
  • b (ب) as in English
  • t (ت) as in English
  • th (ث) as in English thin(IPA: /θ/)
  • j (ج) as in jam(IPA: /dʒ/) (Gulf, Algeria), s as in measure(IPA: /ʒ/) (Levant, North Africa), g as in give (Egypt).
  • H (ح) is a pharyngeal fricative sound at the back of the throat (IPA: /ħ/). It sounds like you are about to whisper the word hello.
  • kh (خ) as in Scots loch or German Bach(IPA: /x/)
  • d (د) as in English
  • dh (ذ) as in English them(IPA: /ð/)
  • r (ر) rolled like Italian or Spanish pero or perro.
  • z (ز) as in English
  • s (س) as in English
  • sh (ش) as in English (IPA: /ʃ/)
  • S (ص) like s but with the back of the throat constricted (IPA: /sˤ/)
  • D (ض) like d but with the back of the throat constricted (IPA: /dˤ/). Same vowel changes as S
  • T (ط) like t but with the back of the throat constricted (IPA: /tˤ/)
  • Z (ظ) varies: like dh or z but with the back of the throat constricted. (IPA: /ðˤ~zˤ)
  • `  (ع) A voiced version of H. (IPA: /ʕ/)
  • gh (غ) a fricative sound at the back of the throat (IPA: /ɣ/) or kh while using the voice box.
  • f (ف) as in English
  • q (ق) like k but further back in the throat (IPA: /q/) and is often pronounced like a glottal stop (IPA: /ʔ/) or g.
  • k (ك) as in English
  • l (ل) as in English
  • m (م) as in English
  • n (ن) as in English
  • h (ه) as in English
  • w (و) as English we; as a vowel uu: as English boot; also o: close to English more(IPA: /oː/).
  • y (ي) as English yes; as a vowel ii: as English bee; also ai: close to English main(IPA: /eː/).
  •   (ء أ آ ئ ؤ) as in Cockney bottle. A glottal stop (IPA: /ʔ/).

. . . Arabic phrasebook . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikivoyage. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . Arabic phrasebook . . .

© 2022 The Grey Earl INFO - WordPress Theme by WPEnjoy