Ashe County, North Carolina

Ashe County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,281.[2] Its county seat is Jefferson.[3]

County in North Carolina, United States

Not to be confused with Asheville, North Carolina.
U.S. county in North Carolina
Ashe County

Ashe County Courthouse in Jefferson


Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina

North Carolina’s location within the U.S.


Country  United States
State  North Carolina
Founded 1799
Named for Samuel Ashe
Seat Jefferson
Largest town Jefferson

  Total 429 sq mi (1,110 km2)
  Land 426 sq mi (1,100 km2)
  Water 3.1 sq mi (8 km2)  0.7%%


27,166 [1]
  Density 64/sq mi (25/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 5th

. . . Ashe County, North Carolina . . .

Grassy Creek Methodist Church

Historical evidence shows that Ashe County was inhabited by Native Americans, which included the Cherokee, Creek, and Shawnee tribes. Pieces of broken pottery, arrowheads, and other Native American artifacts have been found, indicating their presence. Most of these artifacts have been found in the Old Fields area of Ashe County.[4]

The earliest Europeans to explore Ashe County were Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg – head of the Moravian Church in America – and his associates, Timothy Horsefield, Joseph Mueller, Henry Antes, Johan Merck, and Herman Loesch. Bishop Spangenberg wrote about his journey in Ashe in a diary that has been preserved by the Moravian church. He was given 100,000 acres (400 km2) in Virginia as a place for his fellow Moravians to settle. The only one of Spangenberg’s group to return and permanently settle in Ashe County was Herman Loesch. Other early settlers were David Helton, William Walling, William McLain and Daniel Boone, the famous pioneer. With the exception of Boone, these men and their families all settled in Ashe in 1771.[citation needed]

During the Revolutionary War one skirmish was fought in Ashe County, the Battle of Big Glades. The battle was fought in July 1780 between a force of Americans, led by Captain Robert Love, and a force of 150 British Loyalists on their way to Charlotte to join Lord Cornwallis, the British commander in the Southern colonies. The Americans won the skirmish.[citation needed]

In the 1780s, Ashe County was a part of the self-declared “State of Franklin“, within the boundaries of its Washington County. The “State of Franklin” marked the beginnings of the State of Tennessee. The North Carolina legislature created Ashe County in late 1799 with an area of 977 square miles (2,530 km2). Many family surnames noted in the 1800 Ashe County Census, Blevins, Hart, Bare, Barker, Stamper, Miller, Burkett, Gambill, Baldwin, and Ballou as a sample, are still present today. Ashe County was named in honor of Samuel Ashe, a Revolutionary patriot, a superior court judge, and the Governor of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798.[citation needed]

From 1807 to 1913, the county went through numerous boundary changes. In 1849, to form Watauga County, the southwestern part of Ashe County was combined with parts of Caldwell County, Wilkes County, and Yancey County.[citation needed] Ten years later in 1859, the eastern part of the remainder of Ashe County became Alleghany County.[5]

. . . Ashe County, North Carolina . . .

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. . . Ashe County, North Carolina . . .

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