Calumet Heights, Chicago

Calumet Heights, located on the South Side of the city, is one of the 77 well defined community areas of Chicago, Illinois. Calumet Heights is bounded by 87th Street on the north, South Chicago Avenue on the east, and railroad lines on the west and south (along 95th Street).

Community area in Chicago

Community area in Illinois, United States
Calumet Heights
Community Area 48 – Calumet Heights

Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates:

41°43′42″N87°34′47″W

Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
list
Area

  Total 1.77 sq mi (4.58 km2)
Population

 (2020)
  Total 13,088
  Density 7,400/sq mi (2,900/km2)
Demographics 2015[1]

  White 2.24%
  Black 93.47%
  Hispanic 3.23%
  Asian 0.04%
  Other 1.03%
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
parts of 60617, 60619
Median household income $49,923[1]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

. . . Calumet Heights, Chicago . . .

Calumet Heights was swampy and relatively unoccupied throughout the nineteenth century. In 1870, the Calumet and Chicago Canal Dock Company purchased the Stony Island Ridge.[2] A railroad was built in 1881 along the western border of Calumet Heights leading to the development of the neighborhood.[3] The area became part of the Village of Hyde Park in 1889. Shortly thereafter, Hyde Park Township was annexed by Chicago.[2]

During the Chicago Freedom Movement, Calumet Heights was one of the few areas in which Martin Luther King Jr. received a positive reception in which he was hosted by a Calumet Heights business owner. During this same period, Dr. King was hit with a brick during a march in a white-majority area of Chicago.[4][5]

The area that is now Calumet Heights was initially settled by Irish and German immigrants. Those residents were eventually replaced by Italian, Polish and Yugoslavian immigrants. In the 1960s, the first African American families moved to Calumet Heights and received a hostile reception. Unlike other communities that underwent white flight during this period, Calumet Heights maintained much of its wealth.[6] As of 2015, the median income in Calumet Heights is slightly greater than that of Chicago at-large. This includes a greater percentage of Calumet Heights residents making $75,000 to $149,999 than Chicago at-large.[1]

According to a 2017 analysis by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, there were 13,732 people and 5,369 households in Calumet Heights. The racial makeup of the area was 2.2% White, 93.5% African American, and 1.0% from other races. Residents who self-identify as Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population. In the area, the population was spread out, with 20.1% under the age of 19, 13.3% from 20 to 34, 20.6% from 35 to 49, 21.9% from 50 to 64, and 24.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years.[1]

. . . Calumet Heights, Chicago . . .

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. . . Calumet Heights, Chicago . . .

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