Hessian Barracks

Hessian Barracks, formerly known as Frederick Barracks, is an historic barracks building located in Frederick, Maryland. The State of Maryland contracted to build a barracks in the summer of 1777, but it was not completed until 1781. There were two L-shaped buildings built on the site, but one was demolished in 1871. The building is a two-story stone structure with gallery porches and a gable roof. Hessian Barracks was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.[1]

Historic barracks building in Frederick, Maryland

Hessian Barracks

Main façade of the Hessian Barracks

Location in Maryland

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Hessian Barracks (the United States)

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Former names Frederick Barracks
Alternative names Revolutionary Barracks
General information
Architectural style Georgian
Address 242 S. Market St.
Town or city Frederick, Maryland
Country United States


Current tenants Maryland School for the Deaf
Construction started 1777 (1777)
Completed 1781 (1781)
Demolished 1871 (partially)
Client State of Maryland
Owner State of Maryland
Technical details
Material Stone, wood
Floor count 2
Grounds 4 acres (1.6 ha)
NRHP reference No. 71000373
Added to NRHP January 25, 1971[1]

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During the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the buildings and grounds were used to house British and Germanprisoners of war.[2] The barracks were put to a variety of uses during the 19th century including a state armory, silkworm production site, and military hospital after the nearby Battle of South Mountain and subsequent Battle of Antietam in September 1862. The parade field served as the Agricultural Fairgrounds from 1853 to 1860. In 1867, it was chosen as the site for the Maryland Institution for the Deaf and Dumb (present-day Maryland School for the Deaf). The western barracks building was demolished in 1871 for the construction of a new Victorian style large central school building, which in turn was razed in the late 1960s, and replaced by individual brick cottages.[3]

  1. “National Register Information System”. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. Döhla, Johann Conrad (1990). A Hessian Diary of the American Revolution. Translated by Burgoyne, Bruce E. from the 1913 Bayreuth edition by W. Baron von Waldenfels (1st ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 198–222. ISBN 0-8061-2254-4. LCCN 89025029. OCLC 44961155. OL 2203241M.
  3. Mrs. Preston Parish (December 1970). “National Register of Historic Places Registration: Hessian Barracks”(PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved January 1, 2016.

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