Kresta II-class cruiser

The Kresta II class, Soviet designation Project 1134A Berkut A (golden eagle), was a class of guided missile cruiser (large anti-submarine warfare ship in Soviet classification) built by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy. The NATO lists the class as “cruisers” mainly due to the Metel (SS-N-14 Silex) anti-ship missile system capable to strike not only submarines but also surface vessels.

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (January 2013)

Admiral Yumashev in 1989
Class overview
Name Kresta II class
Builders Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad
Operators
Preceded by Kresta I class
Succeeded by Kara class
Built 1966–1977
In commission 1969–1993
Completed 10
Retired 10
General characteristics
Type Guided missile cruiser
Displacement
  • 5,600 tons standard
  • 7,535 tons full load
Length 159 m (522 ft)
Beam 17 m (56 ft)
Draught 6 m (20 ft)
Propulsion
  • 2 shaft steam turbines, 4 boilers
  • 91,000–100,000 shp (68–75 MW)
Speed 34 kn (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range
  • 10,500 nmi (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
  • 5,200 nmi (9,600 km; 6,000 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Endurance 1830 tons fuel oil
Complement 380
Sensors and
processing systems
Radar; Don Kay, Don-2, Top Sail, Head Net 2 x Head Lights 2 x Muff Cob, 2 x Bass Tilt, Sonar; Bull Nose
Armament
  • 2 × quad SS-N-14 ‘Silex’ anti-submarine missiles
  • 2 × twin SA-N-3 ‘Goblet’ surface-to-air missile launchers (72 missiles)
  • 2 × twin 57-mm/70-cal AK-725 anti-aircraft guns
  • 4 × 30mm AK-630 CIWS
  • 2 × quintuple 533mm torpedo tubes
  • 2 x RBU-6000 12-barrel anti-submarine rocket launchers
  • 2 x RBU-1000 6-barrel anti-submarine rocket launchers
Aircraft carried 1 × Ka-25 series helicopter
Aviation facilities Helipad and hangar

. . . Kresta II-class cruiser . . .

The Kresta II class was an anti-submarine derivative of the Kresta I-class cruiser, and were armed with a new anti-submarine missile (SS-N-14), new surface-to-air missiles (SA-N-3) and advanced sonar. Conway’s states that the first three ships were to have been armed with the SS-N-9 anti-ship missile but Soviet naval doctrine changed with greater emphasis on anti-submarine warfare. The surface-to-air missiles comprised more advanced SA-N-3 missiles with two twin launchers. New 3D search radar and new fire control radars were also fitted. 4 30mm CIWS guns were also fitted for improved anti-missile defence. A more advanced sonar led to the bow being more sharply raked. The machinery suite comprised two TV-12 steam turbines with high-pressure boilers, identical to the Kresta I class.

The Kresta II-class cruisers were 158.5 metres (520 ft) long with a beam of 16.9 m (55 ft) and a draught of 6 m (20 ft). They displaced 6000 tons standard and 7800 full load. They had a complement of 380-400 and were equipped with a hangar aft to stow away a Kamov Ka-25 Hormone-A helicopter.[1]

Kresta II-class vessels were propelled by two TV-12 steam geared turbines powered by four high pressure boilers which created 75,000 kilowatts (101,000 hp).[1] This gave the cruisers a maximum speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph).[1] They had a range of 10,500 nautical miles (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) and 5,200 nmi (9,600 km; 6,000 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph).

For their primary role as anti-submarine cruisers, the Kresta II class mounted two quadruple launchers for eight SS-N-14 anti-submarine missiles. They were also equipped with two RBU 6000 12-barrel and two RBU 1000 6-barrel rocket launchers.[1] The Ka-25 helicopter embarked on the cruiser was also capable of aiding in the search and destruction of submarines.

Against aerial threats the cruisers were armed with four 57mm L/80 DP guns situated in two twin mountings. They also had four 30mm AK-630 CIWS mountings. They were armed with two twin launchers for the 48 SA-N-3 surface-to-air missiles they carried.[1]

The ships also mounted two quintuple mountings for 533 mm (21.0 in) dual-role torpedoes.[1]

. . . Kresta II-class cruiser . . .

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. . . Kresta II-class cruiser . . .

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