SuperVia Trens Urbanos (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌsupeʁˈvi.ɐ tɾẽˑzuʁˈbɐ̃nuⁱʃ]) (English: SuperVia Urban Trains) is a rapid transit and commuter rail company operator, founded in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in November 1998. It carries around 750,000 passengers a day on a railroad network comprising 104 stations in 12 cities: Rio de Janeiro, Duque de Caxias, Guapimirim, Nova Iguaçu, Nilópolis, Mesquita, Queimados, São João de Meriti, Belford Roxo, Japeri, Paracambi and Magé.
The baggage areas of SuperVia trains were an adaptation of the original design to fit the Brazilian reality. A Brazilian study found that the average passenger carries a weight of 7 kg in backpacks, shopping bags or briefcases on their daily commute.
In 1998, a concessionagreement commenced, which established the concessionaire‘s investment commitments (SuperVia) and grantor (State). Thus, it was possible to realise savings for the state coffers of more than US$1.6 billion, a figure corresponding to the subsidies that the state failed to spend with the operation of the system in the period 1998/2009.
Since the turn of the century, the number of passengers carried has increased and the system has seen significant improvement in compliance with the scheduling of trains, which are monitored on an ongoing basis by the government, through the regulatory agency.
In 1998, before the grant, 145,000 passengers were transported per day, with a punctuality of less than 30%. In 2009, over 510,000 passengers were transported per day, with an average punctuality of 90%, the highest rate ever recorded in the history of the system.
With the arrival of 30 new trains in 2011, 14 previous SuperVia train configurations will be withdrawn from circulation. Capable of carrying 1,300 passengers, the new trains have several technical advantages, such as: alternating current traction motors, air conditioning with automatic temperature control, automatic coupling system, doorsystem with detection of obstruction, electronicbillboards and onboard displays, sound equipment, securitycameras, lubrication system friezes, intercom and emergency signaling devices in accordance with the accessibility standard (NBR 14021).
Trains will also have cameras on the sides (mirror type), which allows monitoring by the driver of any platform without having to move away from the command post in the cabin. The color blue will be used (which is the color of the state and also a color of SuperVia). Made of fiber, the seats have a padded backrest in synthetic fabric. There are eight seats of a different color on each car and in the engine cars, there are special spaces for wheelchair users. And centers located in the fore sections of the cars, serves to transmit information to passengers. Four cameras will be installed in each car, allowing the driver to have visual surveillance of any emergency request. Four LCD televisions will be installed, with the goal of enabling businesspartnerships and educational and government institutions.