The Kingdom of Bahrain (Arabic: البحرين‎ , al-Baḥrayn) is a Middle Eastern archipelago in the Persian Gulf, tucked into a pocket of the sea flanked by Saudi Arabia and Qatar. It displays relatively social liberalism compared with more conservative neighboring countries, where Islamic law is applied in a much stricter way. Case in point: alcohol is legal here. Although Bahrain has a heavily petroleum-based economy, its political, social, and cultural peculiarities helped it develop a fairly cosmopolitan middle class and a politically conscious working class.

A string of political unrest (culminating in the demonstrations in 2011 and the following government crackdown) exposed significant discomfort as well as sectarian and social cleavages.

Bahrain means “two seas” in the Arabic language.

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Map of Bahrain

  • 26.21666750.5833331 Manama (المنامة‎ , al-Manāma) – the capital of Bahrain.
  • 26.11277850.5138891 Hamad Town (مدينة حمد‎ , Madīnat Ḥamad)
  • 26.17361150.5477781 Isa Town (مدينة عيسى‎ , Madīnat ʿĪsā)
  • 26.2550.6166671 Muharraq (المحرق‎ , Al-Muḥarraq)
  • 26.1350.5551 Riffa (الرفاع‎ , Ar-Rifāʿ)
  • 26.1250.651 Sitra (سترة‎ or سِتْرَة , As-Sitra)
  • 26.21111150.6011111 Juffair (الجفير‎)

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