2011 Zambian general election

article - 2011 Zambian general election

General elections were held in Zambia on 20 September 2011,[1] electing a President and members of the National Assembly.[2]Michael Sata of the Patriotic Front (PF) won the presidential elections, defeating incumbent Rupiah Banda of the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD), and was sworn into office on 23 September. The PF emerged as the largest party in the National Assembly, winning 60 of the 148 seats decided on election day.

2011 Zambian general election


 2008 20 September 2011 2015 
Turnout 53.65%
 
Nominee Michael Sata Rupiah Banda
Party PF MMD
Popular vote 1,170,966 987,866
Percentage 42.85% 36.15%


President before election

Rupiah Banda
MMD

President-elect

Michael Sata
PF

National symbols
 Zambia portal

. . . 2011 Zambian general election . . .

Incumbent President Rupiah Banda, of the ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy party, ran for his first full term as president after replacing Levy Mwanawasa, who died in August 2008.[3]

Michael Sata was the candidate of the Patriotic Front and Hakainde Hichilema was the candidate of the United Party for National Development.[4]

With Chinese companies investing US$2 billion by the end of 2010 in the Zambian economy, the status of Chinese business ties with Zambia, Africa’s largest copper producer, grew significantly. Early in his campaign, Sata accused the Chinese mining firms of having slave-like labour conditions and ignoring safety standards and local cultural practices.[5] He has been nicknamed “King Cobra” because of his harsh rhetoric, but he later toned down his rhetoric against the mostly Chinese foreign mining firms.[6]

Two days before the results were officially announced, the High Court banned three independent media outlets[which?] from publishing speculation on the result after The Post published a headline reading “Sata Heads for Victory.” The same day, Banda’s office also said that such reports were “rumours” as no final result had been compiled. The delay in announcing the results was the cause of riots in Ndola and Kitwe, where youths fought with riot police while also burning vehicles and markets. Additionally, hackers attacked the Election Commission’s website that night and posted false results suggesting Sata won by a landslide.[5][7]

European Union electoral observers said that the election was “generally well administered,” but that there was not equitable access to resources, resulting in the lack of a “level playing field” in the campaign. They said that state-owned media had failed to meet “even their minimal obligations as public service media.”[8]

The Zambian-based Foundation for Democratic Process criticised the holding of the election without electoral reform. It blamed the history of electoral violence and the previous failure of the losing parties to accept losing on the lack of reform.[9] While many called for the establishment of a 50% + 1 vote system for electing the president, the government said a new system would not be used for the election.[10]

On 23 September, Chief Justice Ernest Sakala announced Sata the winner of the election with 1,150,045 votes, or 43%, with 95.3% of votes counted. Banda received 961,796 votes, or 36.1%, and other minor parties trailed in the poll.[5][11] Sata was sworn into office later that day

. . . 2011 Zambian general election . . .

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. . . 2011 Zambian general election . . .

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