Aqua Tofana

Aqua Tofana (also known as Acqua Toffana, Acquetta Perugina, and Aqua Tufania and Manna di San Nicola) was a strong poison created in Sicily around 1630[1] that was reputedly widely used in Naples,[2]Perugia, and Rome, Italy. It has been associated with Giulia Tofana, or Tofania, a woman from Palermo, purportedly the leader of a ring of six poisoners in Rome, who sold Aqua Tofana to would-be widows.

Poison “Manna di San Nicola” (Aqua Tofana), by Pierre Méjanel

. . . Aqua Tofana . . .

The first recorded mention of Aqua Tofana is from 1632–33,[3][4] when it was used by two women, Francesca la Sarda and Teofania di Adamo, to poison their victims. It may have been invented by, and named after, Teofania.[5] She was executed for her crimes but several women associated with her including Giulia Tofana (who may have been her daughter) and Girolama Spara moved on to Rome and continued manufacturing and distributing the poison.[6] The ‘tradename’ “Manna di San Nicola” (“Manna of St. Nicholas of Bari“) may have been a marketing device intended to divert the authorities, given that the poison was openly sold both as a cosmetic and a devotionary object in vials that included a picture of St. Nicholas. Over 600 victims[2] are alleged to have died from this poison, mostly husbands, in a time when women had few rights and little protection.

Between 1666 and 1676 the Marchioness de Brinvilliers poisoned her father and two brothers, amongst others, and she was executed on July 16, 1676.[7]

The active ingredients of the mixture are basically known, but not how they were blended. Aqua Tofana contained mostly arsenic and lead, and possibly belladonna. It was a colorless, tasteless liquid and therefore easily mixed with water or wine to be served during meals.

. . . Aqua Tofana . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . Aqua Tofana . . .

© 2022 The Grey Earl INFO - WordPress Theme by WPEnjoy