Middletown State Hospital

Middletown State Homeopathic Hospital (also known as Middletown State Hospital[1] or Middletown Psychiatric Center[2]) was a hospital for the treatment of mental disorders located in Middletown, New York. It opened on April 20, 1874, and was the first purely homeopathic hospital for mental disorders in the United States.[3] The hospital, which served “mentally ill patients from Orange, Sullivan and Ulster Counties”.[4] employed a number of new techniques for the treatment of mental disorders, most notably the use of baseball as a therapy.

defunct psychiatric hospital

Hospital in New York, United States
Middletown State Homeopathic Hospital
State of New York
Location Middletown, Orange County, New York, United States


Funding Public/Private
Type Homeopathic mental health facility
Opened April 20, 1874
Closed 2006
Lists Hospitals in New York

It closed in 2006.

. . . Middletown State Hospital . . .

The push for a state homeopathic institution for the treatment of mental disorders began in 1866 when John Stanton Gould delivered a speech to the State Homeopathic Medical Society entitled The Relation of Insanity to Bodily Disease. In this speech, Gould asserted that “It has been my purpose in this address, gentlemen, to bring before you in a clear and specific form the proofs that insanity is always a symptom of bodily disease which it is your duty and ought to be your pleasure to cure.”[5] At the next meeting of the State Homeopathic Medical Society, they passed a resolution to push the New York State Legislature to construct an institution for the treatment of mental disorders along homeopathic lines.[6] The state legislature approved a bill for the establishment of a state hospital in Middletown to use homeopathic therapy methods on April 28, 1870.

The hospital, which opened in 1874 with 69 patients. Henry Reed Stiles became the second superintendent of the hospital in 1875 and introduced strict dietary regimens. From 1877 until 1902, Dr. Seldon H. Talcott was the superintendent and developed a series of occupational therapy for all patients at Middletown. His treatment included art exhibitions, an institutional newsletter written by the patients (The Conglomerate), and athletics.

In 1901, Ralph Albert Blakelock became a patient at the hospital where he continued painting his landscapes.[7]

The facility, located in Orange Country,[4] was previously known as Middletown State Hospital for the Insane. [8][9] The number of buildings and the number of patients grew reaching over 100 buildings and 2,250 people in the early 1900s and 3,686 in the 1960s.[10]

In 1970 they had 3,000 patients.[4] Services shifted primarily to outpatient therapy and numbers decreased. The institution permanently closed in 2006.[11]

. . . Middletown State Hospital . . .

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. . . Middletown State Hospital . . .

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