Baclayon

The historic town of Baclayon lies 6 km east along the seashore from Tagbilaran city on the Visayan island of Bohol in the Philippines. It was the first town established in Bohol by the Spaniards.

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Baclayon Church of the Immaculate Conception

The town was founded in 1595 by two Jesuit priests, Father Juan de Torres and Father Gabriel Sanchez, the first to enter Bohol for missionary work. In 1596 the priests built the Baclayon Church of the Immaculate Conception, a heavy-set stone church considered one of the oldest churches in the Philippines.

The church, in combination with the pier and harbor it overlooks, and the elegant and well-preserved heritage houses lining the roads, makes the township a charming and idyllic destination.

The town of Baclayon got its name from their tribal chieftain Baclayon. He was a warrior of a conquering tribe from the “Malays.” He guarded the invasion of pirates and pillagers from Cebu, Iloilo and Mindanao. When the two Jesuit priests came, he submitted his tribe and warriors and embraced Christianity. He was given a Christian name “Zacarias” by the Spanish priest Sanchez. Considering the popularity of Zacarias’ leadership in the territory, the priest used the name Baclayon as the name of the territory.

The original territorial jurisdiction of Baclayon was so vast that it covered the present areas of the municipalities of Balilihan, Alburquerque, Catigbian, Corella, Sikatuna and San Isidro combined together.

  • Municipal Tourism Activity Center, Baluarte Grounds, Poblacion, +63 38-540-9474. Information on accommodation, transport and tours to Pamilacan Island. The center also offers extremely clean, free-of-use toilets and showers, a welcome sight in Bohol. (updated Sep 2016)
  • 9.566667123.7751 Bohol–Panglao International Airport (TAG IATA) (20 km west of Baclayon). Opened in November 2018. Air Juan has flights from Caticlan, Cebu, and Maasin. AirSWIFT has flights from El Nido. Cebu Pacific has flights from Clark, Manila, Cagayan de Oro, and Davao. Philippine Airlines has flights from Clark, Manila, and Davao. Philippines AirAsia has flights from Manila. Royhle Air Way Charter has flights from Dumaguete. (updated Apr 2019)

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