Fernando Collor de Mello

Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portuguese pronunciation: [feʁˈnɐ̃du aˈfõsu ˈkɔloʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; born 12 August 1949) is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. Collor was the first President democratically elected after the end of the Brazilian military government. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. After he resigned from the presidency, the impeachment trial on charges of corruption continued. Collor was found guilty by the Senate and disqualified from holding elected office for eight years (1992–2000). He was later acquitted of ordinary criminal charges in his judicial trial before Brazil’s Supreme Federal Court, for lack of valid evidence.

For the archaeological site in the Cajamarca Region, Peru also spelt Collor, see Quyllur.
This biography of a living personneeds additional citations for verification. (February 2016)
32nd President of Brazil (1990-92)

In this Portuguese name, the first or maternal family name is Collor and the second or paternal family name is Mello.
Fernando Collor de Mello

Collor’s official photo as president (c. 1990)
President of Brazil
In office
15 March 1990  29 December 1992
Suspended: 2 October 1992 – 29 December 1992
Vice President Itamar Franco
Preceded by José Sarney
Succeeded by Itamar Franco
Senator for Alagoas
Assumed office
1 February 2007
Preceded by Heloísa Helena
Governor of Alagoas
In office
15 March 1987  14 May 1989
Vice Governor Moacir de Andrade
Preceded by José Tavares
Succeeded by Moacir de Andrade
Federal Deputy for Alagoas
In office
1 February 1983  1 February 1987
Mayor of Maceió
In office
1 January 1979  1 January 1983
Preceded by Dílton Simões
Succeeded by Corinto Campelo
Personal details
Born
Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello

(1949-08-12) 12 August 1949 (age 72)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Political party PROS(2019–present)
Other political
affiliations
PTC(2016–2019)
PTB(2007–2016)
PRTB(2000–2007)
PRN(1989–1992)
MDB(1986–1989)
PDS(1979–1986)
ARENA(1979)
Spouse(s)
Celi Elisabete Júlia Monteiro de Carvalho

(m. 1975; div. 1981)

(m. 1981; div. 2005)

Caroline Serejo Medeiros

(m. 2006)

Children 5
Residence Maceió, Alagoas
Alma mater University of Brasília[1]
Signature

Fernando Collor was born into a political family. He is the son of the former Senator Arnon Affonso de Farias Mello [pt] and Leda Collor (daughter of former Labour Minister Lindolfo Collor, led by his father, former governor of Alagoas and proprietor of the Arnon de Mello Organization, a media conglomerate which manages the state-wide television station TV Gazeta de Alagoas, the affiliate of TV Globo in the state.) “Collor” is a Portuguese adaptation of the German surname Köhler, from his maternal grandfather Lindolfo Leopoldo Boeckel Collor.

Collor has served as Senator for Alagoas since February 2007. He first won election in 2006 and was reelected in 2014. In August 2017, Collor was accused by the Brazil’s Supreme Federal Court of receiving around US$9 million in bribes between 2010 and 2014 from Petrobras subsidiary BR Distributor.

. . . Fernando Collor de Mello . . .

Collor became president of Brazilian football club Centro Sportivo Alagoano (CSA) in 1976. After entering politics, he was successively named mayor of Alagoas‘ capital Maceió in 1979 (National Renewal Alliance Party), elected a federal deputy (Democratic Social Party) in 1982, and eventually elected governor of the small Northeastern state of Alagoas (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party) in 1986.

During his term as governor, he attracted publicity by allegedly fighting high salaries for public servants, whom he labeled marajás (maharajas)[2] (likening them to the former princes of India who received a stipend from the government as compensation for relinquishing their lands). How well his policies reduced public expense is disputed, but the political position certainly made him popular in the country.[3] This helped boost his political career, with the help of television appearances in nationwide broadcasts (quite unusual for a governor from such a small state).

Collor during a meeting with ministers and government leaders at the Planalto Palace, 1990

In 1989 Collor defeated Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in a controversial two-round presidential race with 35 million votes. In December 1989, days prior to the second round, businessman Abílio Diniz was the victim of a sensational political kidnapping. The act is recognized as an attempt to sabotage Lula’s chances of victory[4] by associating the kidnapping with the left wing. At the time, Brazilian law barred any party from addressing the media on the days prior to election day. Lula’s party thus had no opportunity to clarify the accusations that the party (PT) was involved in the kidnapping. Collor won in the state of São Paulo against many prominent political figures.[dead link][5] The first President of Brazil elected by popular vote in 29 years, Collor spent the early years of his presidency battling inflation, which at times reached rates of 25% a month.

The very day he took office, Collor launched the Plano Collor (Collor Plan), implemented by his finance minister Zélia Cardoso de Mello (not related to Collor). The plan attempted to reduce the money supply by forcibly converting large portions of consumer bank accounts into non-cashable government bonds, while at the same time increasing the printing of money bills, a counterbalancing measure to combat hyper-inflation.[6]

. . . Fernando Collor de Mello . . .

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. . . Fernando Collor de Mello . . .

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