Flux (political party)

Flux (also known as Liberals For Climate – The Flux Network in Western Australia), is a political movement which aims to replace the world’s elected legislatures with a new system known as issue-based direct democracy (IBDD). Flux originated in and is most active in Australia, but it is also active internationally, with groups existing in the United States[3] and Brazil.[4]

Political party in Australia

Leader Nathan Spataro[1][citation needed]
Deputy leader Max Kaye[1][citation needed]
Preceded by Neutral Voting Bloc
Headquarters 5/155 Clarence Street, Sydney, New South Wales


Ideology Issue-based direct democracy
Slogan Upgrade Democracy!

IBDD is similar to liquid democracy, though there are differences. In IBDD, voters would still have the right to vote directly on every issue or delegate their vote to someone else, but unlike in liquid democracy, voters can choose to forgo votes on one issue to use on another issue. This creates opportunity cost between issues and allows voters to specialise their votes on the issues that are more important to them.[5] This specialisation of votes allows citizens to participate effectively in issue-based direct democracy without having to focus on every issue as they would in regular direct democracy.

Software to implement IBDD is being developed by SecureVote, a startup company set up by Nathan Spataro and Max Kaye to bring Blockchain-based voting to Governments, Businesses and Token Ecosystems.[6]

. . . Flux (political party) . . .

In Australia, there are Flux parties on the federal level and in the Australian Capital Territory,[7]Western Australia,[8]Queensland[9] and New South Wales.[10]

In the 2016 Australian federal election Flux stood two senate candidates in every state, and one in the Australian Capital Territory under the name “VOTEFLUX.ORG”.[11] The group drew first preference votes of between 0.08% and 0.28% in each state, for a national average of 0.15%.[12]

The Flux Party – WA under the banner of “Flux the System!” nominated 24 candidates for the 2017 Western Australian election. 12 in the Legislative Council and another 12 in the Legislative Assembly.[13] They received first preference votes of between 0.31% and 0.88% in each legislative council region, for a state average of 0.44%,[14]

The party controversially ran 26 so-called “fake independents” in the 2017 Western Australian election – candidates affiliated with the party who appeared as independents on the ballot papers.[15]

Writing in 2020, ABC election analyst Antony Green noted that Flux “has attracted negligible support” at elections.[16] Despite having no climate policies of any kind, the party changed its name to “Liberals for Climate – The Flux Network” for the 2021 Western Australian state election.[17]

  1. “Flux Constitution”(PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Voteflux.org | Upgrade Democracy. 26 January 2016. Archived from the original(PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  2. “Live Flux Stats”. voteflux.org. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  3. “FLUX PARTY – committee overview”.
  4. “Flux Brasil – HOME”. www.voteflux.com.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  5. Max Kaye & Nathan Spataro (1 January 2017). “Redefining Democracy”(PDF).
  6. “XO.1 adapts Blockchain for secure super-fast vote counts”. The Australian. 10 March 2017.
  7. “Register of political parties”. 9 June 2021.
  8. “Registered Political Parties in WA”. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  9. “Political Party Register”. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  10. “List of Registered Parties”.
  11. “Candidates for the 2016 federal election”. Australian Electoral Commission. 12 June 2016. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  12. “First preferences by Senate group”. Tally Room, 2016 Federal Election. Australian Electoral Commission. 9 August 2016. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  13. Green, Antony (11 February 2017). “Summary of Candidates and Parties Contesting the 2017 WA Election”. Antony Green’s Election Blog. ABC. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  14. “Legislative Council – Results by Party”.
  15. “Micro-party puts up 26 fake independents at WA election”. ABC News. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  16. Green, Antony (6 December 2020). “What’s in a Party Name?”. Antony Green’s Election Blog. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  17. “Introducing Liberals For Climate”.
House of Representatives (2021)
Senate (2021)
State and territory parliaments
(parties not represented federally)
Other AEC-registered parties

. . . Flux (political party) . . .

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. . . Flux (political party) . . .

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