Long I

Long i (Latin: i longum or [littera] i longa), written , is a variant of the letter i found in ancient and early medieval forms of the Latin script.

Letter I that is taller than usual; used sometimes to represent /iː/ in classical Latin inscriptions
This article contains special characters. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols.
Not to be confused with the Cyrillic letter palochka, or the Latin capital I.

. . . Long I . . .

In inscriptions dating to the early Roman Empire, it is used frequently but inconsistently to transcribe the long vowel /iː/. In Gordon’s 1957 study of inscriptions, it represented this vowel approximately 4% of the time in the 1st century CE, then 22.6% in the 2nd century, 11% in the 3rd, and not at all from the 4th century onward,[1] reflecting a loss of phonemic vowel length by this time (one of the phonological changes from Classical Latin to Proto-Romance). In this role it is equivalent to the (also inconsistently-used) apex, which can appear on any long vowel:

á é í ó v́/aː eː iː oː uː/. An example would be fIliI, which is generally spelled fīliī today, using macrons rather than apices to indicate long vowels. On rare occasions, an apex could combine with long i to form Í, e.g. dÍs·mánibus.

The long i could also be used to indicate the semivowel [j], e.g. IVSTVS or CVIIVS,[2] the latter also CVIVS, pronounced [ˈjʊstʊs, ˈkʊjːʊs]. It was also used to write a close allophone[i] of the short i phoneme, used before another vowel, as in CLAVDIO, representing [ˈklau̯.di.oː].[3]

Later on in the late Empire and afterwards, in some forms of New Roman cursive, as well as pre-Carolingian scripts of the Early Middle Ages such as Visigothic or Merovingian, it came to stand for the vowel i in word-initial position. For example, iNponunt in umeroſ, which would be inpōnunt in umerōs in modern spelling.

. . . Long I . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . Long I . . .

© 2022 The Grey Earl INFO - WordPress Theme by WPEnjoy