Mori Rajputs

The Mori or Maurya is a Rajput clan which controlled the Chittor Fort in ancient period. The Mori Rajputs were probably the most powerful power in this region before the rise of Pratiharas. Mori is considered a sub clan of Parmar.[1][2]

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Ancient Indian clan

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Chitrangada Mori, a Mori Rajput ruler, laid the foundation of the fort of Chittorgarh.[3] The Mori clan of Rajputs claims descent from Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan Empire.[4] A Mori ruler of Chittor has known to have assisted the Chahmana kingVisaldeva in a battle against the Turk invaders, probably led by sultan Khusrau Shah or Bahram Shah of Ghazna. The Moris also allied with the Kachhwaha of Amber.

Moris controlled the Chittor Fort and the surrounding region before the Guhila dynasty. The fort of Chittor was a well established citadel in the 8th century under the Moris.[5][6] The Chittorgarh inscription dated 713 AD gives four names of Mori Rajput rulers of Chittor.[7]

The Mori rulers were the lords of Malwa.[8][9] Mahlot, a Mori king of Chittor has also been mentioned in the Chach Nama as a relative of King Rai Sahasi of Sindh.

Shyam Manohar Mishra of Lucknow University theorized that Bappa Rawal was originally a vassal of the last Mori ruler Manuraja alias Man Singh Mori. Manuraja is identified with Māna, mentioned in the Chittorgarh Māna-sarovara inscription of 713 AD. Māna was described as the son of Bhoja.[10] Māna’s great – grandfather was named Maheśvara.[11]

Bappa probably led the campaign of Moris against the Arabs, which made him a renowned name. Later, he either deposed Manuraja and became the king of Chittor with the help of other nobles[8] or became the king after Manuraja died childless.[12] The Moris were expelled from Chittorgarh by Bappa Rawal.[13][10]

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