The Philippine Basketball Association Most Valuable Player (MVP) is an annual Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) award given since the start of the league in 1975 to the best performing player of the season. The award is decided using criteria introduced since the 2011–12 season, which include accumulated statistical points, votes from media, players and the league’s Commissioner’s Office. As of March 2020[update], the current holder of the award is June Mar Fajardo, his sixth consecutive MVP award since 2014.
Note that the league’s seasons have three tournaments (or conferences), so the regular NBA application of having a regular season MVP and a Finals MVP and the meaning of “conference” does not apply here. The season MVP is for the whole season, including the regular season, the playoffs and the Finals of each Conference, although there is a Best Player of the Conference award for each conference, and a Best Import award for conferences where imports are allowed to play.
June Mar Fajardo won the award a record six straight times from 2014 to 2019, while both Ramon Fernandez and Alvin Patrimonio won the award four times. Benjie Paras remains the only rookie to have ever won the award to date, which he did during the 1989 season.
As with the other annual awards given by the league, the winner receives The Leo Trophy, which is named in honor of Leo Prieto, the first commissioner of the PBA who served from 1975 until his retirement in 1983.
The criteria used since the 2011–12 PBA season are as follows:
- 40% average statistical points
- 30% press and media votes
- 25% players’ votes
- 5% Commissioner’s Office
Statistical points (SP) are computed as follows:
- 1 SP for every point scored, rebound assist, steal and shot blocked.
- 10 bonus points for every game won where the player played up to the semifinals.
- 15 bonus points for every game won where the player played in the Finals
- Deduction of 1 SP for every turnover, 5 SP for every technical or flagrant foul without ejection, and 15 SP for any technical or flagrant foul that results in an ejection.
In addition, a Filipino player can only be eligible for awards if he played in at least 70% of his team’s games.
MVP voting begins at the start of the Finals series of the last conference. All statistical points gathered from all levels of competition (elimination/classification round and playoffs) are included.