Timeline of the Khitans

This is a timeline of the history of the Khitans. The Khitans were a nomadic people in northeastern Asia related to the Xianbei. Following the collapse of the Tang dynasty, they established the Liao dynasty in 916, encompassing parts of modern northern China, Mongolia, and North Korea. The Liao dynasty destroyed by a Jurchen uprising which lasted from 1112 to 1125, resulting in the Jin dynasty (1115–1234). Remnants of the Liao under Yelü Dashi fled westward to Central Asia where they established the Qara Khitai empire, also known as the Western Liao dynasty. In 1211, the Qara Khitai throne was usurped by a Naiman called Kuchlug fleeing from the Mongols. The Mongols chased after him and killed him in 1218, conquering the Qara Khitai empire.

Liao dynasty (907–1125)
Collapse of the Liao dynasty (1117–1124)
Qara Khitai (1124–1218)

. . . Timeline of the Khitans . . .

Year Date Event
388 The Kumo Xi are defeated by the Northern Wei. As a result the Khitans split from the Kumo Xi and emerge as a recognizable group of people around the Songmo region in modern Heshigten Banner and Ongniud Banner; at some point they migrate to the east of Daling River in modern Beipiao, Fuxin, and Zhangwu County[1]
Year Date Event
553 Khitans raid Northern Qi, who retaliate dealing devastating losses to the Khitans[2]
585 Khitans move to the area between the Laoha River and Liao River[3]
Year Date Event
605 Yami Qaghan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate attacks the Khitans on behalf of the Sui dynasty[4]
618 Dahe Duoluo comes to power
627 Dahe Mohui succeeds Dahe Duoluo
644 Dahe Kuge succeeds Dahe Mohui
648 Khitans submit to the Tang dynasty as vassals[5]
653 Abugu succeeds Dahe Kuge
654 Mohe and Goguryeo attack the Khitans[6]
660 Tang dynasty attacks the Khitans and captures their leader Abugu at Songmo; Abugu is sent to Luoyang;[7]
675 Dahe Jinzhong comes to power
696 Li Jinzhong (Mushang Khan) of the Khitans along with his brother-in-law Sun Wanrong revolt against Tang hegemony and attack Hebei; Li dies soon after and Sun succeeds him[8]
697 Tang dynasty and Qapaghan Qaghan of the Second Turkic Khaganate defeat Sun Wanrong and Khitans become vassals of the Turks;[9] Dahe Shihuo succeeds Sun Wanrong

. . . Timeline of the Khitans . . .

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. . . Timeline of the Khitans . . .

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