Veluwezoom National Park

Veluwezoom National Park (Nationaal Park Veluwezoom) is the oldest national park in the Netherlands. It is in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.

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Veluwezoom is only one of the several parts of the Veluwe, which consists of the National Parks of Veluwezoom and Hoge Veluwe, along with the other forested areas between the cities of Arnhem, Apeldoorn, Barneveld and Zwolle. The Veluwe consists of 1100 km2, whereas Veluwezoom consists of 50 km2.

The Veluwezoom was consists of a complex terminal of posh moraines dating back to the Saalian glaciation (~150.000 years ago). This resulted in the high contrast in height compared to the rest of the country. Veluwezoom’s highest point is roughly 110 meters above sea level, whereas most of the Netherlands barely pokes above sea level.

When the appreciation of nature and landscapes started growing in the Netherlands (~1900), many high class citizens of the cities, located mostly in the west, went on vacations in these areas. Veluwezoom was one of these areas. Many inns were built during this time to offer places to stay for the visiting tourists. During the 20th century the area started to attract more visitors due to a continued rise in prosperity.

The landscapes on Veluwezoom were formed during the two most recent glacial periods. During the Saalian, the second most recent glacial period, the ground, mostly existing of sand, was formed into hills and ‘mountains’ by the glaciers spanning over the north of Europe. When these glaciers melted, many streams were formed, which, though they contain no water, can still be found in the park.

During the Weichselian glaciation, the most recent glacial period, the ice didn’t reach the Netherlands, yet the ice just north of the country caused sand and dust to be blown into the country. The sand and dust gathered in the valleys between the mountains, and formed a fertile layer of Loess in the south of the Veluwe.

The highest point of the park is Signaal Imbosch which stands at 109.9 metres.

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