Childhood phobia

A childhood phobia[1][2][3][4][5] is an exaggerated, intense fear “that is out of proportion to any real fear” found in children.[5] It is often characterized by a preoccupation with a particular object, class of objects, or situation that one fears.[4] A phobic reaction is twofold—the first part being the “intense irrational fear” and the second part being “avoidance.”[4]

Medical condition
Childhood phobia
Specialty Psychology

Children during their developmental stages experience fears. Fear is a natural part of self-preservation. Fears allow children to act with the necessary cautions to stay safe.[5] According to Child and Adolescent Mental Health, “such fears vary in frequency, intensity, and duration; they tend to be mild, age-specific, and transitory.”[2] Fears can be a result of misperceptions. When a child perceives a threatening situation, his or her body experiences a fight or flight reaction.[5] Children placed in new situations with unfamiliar objects are more likely to experience such reactions. These fears should be passing, a result of childhood development.[2]

A childhood fear develops into a childhood phobia when it begins to interfere with daily living.[4] “Acute states of fear can elicit counterproductive physiological reactions such as trembling, profuse perspiration, faint feelings, weakness in joints and muscles, nausea, diarrhea, and disturbances in motor coordination”[5] It is not uncommon for frightened or anxious children to regress in a phase of development. For example, a kindergartener might begin to baby talk or wet the bed when faced with a threatening or particularly frightening situation.[5] Childhood phobias exist in many different varieties and intensities and have a wide range from tolerable to incapacitating.

. . . Childhood phobia . . .

The distinction between “normal” fears and phobias, a phobia (as defined by the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)):

  • An irrepressible persistent fear of an object, activity or situation esp. when the subject is exposed to unfamiliar people or possible criticism. In children, the subject needs to be able to show a capacity for normal social reactions for their developmental stage, and when reactions occur they should happen among their peer group as well as with adults.[1]
  • Any exposure to the object or situation causes some form of unrestrained anxiety. In children this may be revealed by tantrums, crying, hysteria, or freezing.[1]
  • The fear reaction is excessive and unwarranted. Note: adults who suffer from anxiety disorders usually accept that their fear reaction was disproportionate to the situation; however, children may not have the cognitive abilities to make this realization depending on age and maturity.[1]
  • The situation is avoided or endured with large amounts of stress and anxiety.[1]
  • The fear reaction interferes with a normal routine e.g. if a fear of elevators cause a person to avoid taller buildings.[1]
  • The duration is at least 6 months.[1]
  • The origin of the fear reaction is not directly caused by the physiological effects of a drug or substance or origin of anxiety is not better classified by another disorder e.g. separation anxiety disorder.[1]
  • If another mental or medical condition is present, it is unrelated to the origin of the fear reaction.[1]
  • According to the Boston Children’s Hospital a phobia is a type of anxiety disorder, that happens mostly with children and can be related to diverse reasons, they can happen due to biological, family and environmental factors those factors can be triggered through many different reasons, they can be inherited or associated with random or fixed events. [6]
    Exaggerated, intense fear found in children

From infancy, a child can feel whether or not their mother cares for them. As a child grows and develops, they will need continued guidance until they reach adulthood. When a child’s discipline is directed at them instead of their misbehavior, the child feels as if their relationship with their parents is at risk. Phrases like “Ugh, you’re killing me,” “I’ll give you up for adoption,” or “I could just kill myself” are especially harmful. These phrases can make the child unstable and overly anxious when left alone. The children perceive that they are unloved and blame themselves for the rejection.[5]

. . . Childhood phobia . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . Childhood phobia . . .

© 2022 The Grey Earl INFO - WordPress Theme by WPEnjoy