Chile–China relations

Chile–China relations are foreign relations between the Republic of Chile and the People’s Republic of China. Diplomatic relation were established in 1915.[1][2] Both nations are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the United Nations.

Bilateral relations
Chile–China relations

Chile

China
Chile President Michelle Bachelet and China President Xi Jinping in Beijing.

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The relations between the People’s Republic of China and Chile began on 15 December 1970, shortly following the election of Salvador Allende, and Chile became the first South American country to recognize the mainland Chinese government.[3][4] Following the 1973 Chilean coup d’état which saw the overthrow of the Allende government, China was one of only two Communist countries (the other was Romania)[5] not to have severed ties with Augusto Pinochet‘s new regime, due to the latter’s continued endorsement of the One China Policy.[6] As a result, China chose not to recall its ambassador in Chile, while replacing the Allende appointed ambassador Armando Uribe with a Pinochet appointed one. China also chose to represent the affairs of Chile in the DPRK and the affairs of the DPRK in Chile.[7]

The continued relationship was built on pragmatism and non-interference.[6] China supported Chile’s claim of sovereignty over Antarctic, and in turn, Chile allowed the Chinese to build the Great Wall research station inside Chile’s territorial claims. There was also an attempt at a joint venture to produce weapons between Norinco and FAMAE, aimed at reducing Chile’s military dependence on the United States.[6] Pinochet has nurtured his relationship with China.[8] Pinochet visited China in 1993 and 1997.[9]

Following the end of the Cold War and fall of the Pinochet regime in 1990, bilateral relations continued, with the new Chilean government pursuing a policy of free trade, and supported China’s entrance into the World Trade Organization.[6]

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