Critics said that the song calls for, and celebrates, violence against the white South Africans whereas supporters of the song say that it is a liberation song that articulates an important part of South Africa’s history. Depending on the interpretation, the song might refer to institutional structures such as the NP; or to specific groups of people such as members of the Police Force (colloquially known as “Boers”) and Army during apartheid; or, if taken at face value, Boers, the wider Afrikaner ethnic group, white farmers, or even white South Africans generally.
In post-apartheid South Africa the song has been most notably sung by then African National Congress Youth League leader Julius Malema and then South African President Jacob Zuma. Critics of the song such as AfriForum and TAU-SA state the song encourages and can be partly blamed for the problem of violent attacks on South African farms.
In 2011, the South Gauteng High Court ruled that the song was discriminatory, harmful, undermined the dignity of Afrikaners, and thereby constituted hate speech. The court ruled that Julius Malema, who was brought before the court for previously singing the song at rallies, was forbidden from singing it in the future. Following the ruling Malema changed the wording of the song to “Kiss the Boer” and sang that instead — however, it can be argued to still have the same psychological influence as the original, due to the well-known context for the altered lyrics. The following year, the African National Congress stated that they would not sing the song any more.