Yeongdeungpo District

Yeongdeungpo District (Korean: 영등포구; Hanja: 永登浦區; RR: Yeongdeungpo-gu) is an administrative district in southwest Seoul, South Korea. Although the origin of the name is uncertain, the first two syllables are thought to be from “yeongdeung” (靈登) or “divine ascent”, a shamanic rite.[2] The third syllable is “po“, representing the bank of a river (浦), referring to the district’s position on the Han River. The 2006 population was 408,819.

Autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea
Yeongdeungpo

영등포구

영등포구 · 永登浦區

Yeouido Skyline

Flag

Location of Yeongdeungpo-gu in Seoul
Country South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Special City Seoul
Administrative dong 22
  mayor (Chae Hyun Il)
Area

  Total 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi)
Population

 (2010[1])
  Total 396,243
  Density 16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Postal code.
07200 ~ 07499
Area code(s) +82-2-2600,800,780~
Website Yeongdeungpo-gu official website

There are 22 administrative “dong” and 34 legal “dong”. Yeouido-dong is the largest in area and takes up about 34% of the land. The total area is 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi) (2004), making up 4% of Seoul’s land. The annual budget is approximately 2 billion won.

Yeongdeungpo District has been heavily developed as an office, commercial, and residential district. Yeouido Dong is home to DLI 63 Building, the highest office building in South Korea and currently the 3rd tallest building in the country. The National Assembly Building is located in Yeouido-dong. Other organisations, such as the Financial Union of Korea are also based in Yeongdeungpo. There are also mass-media corporations in the area, including; Kookmin Newspaper Corporation; Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation and Korean Broadcasting System.

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The earliest historical references to Yeongdeungpo were in the 1870s when it was considered to be the main port used in the defence of the city of Seoul.

The opening of the Gyeongin Line in 1899 and the Gyeongbu Line 1905, the County Office of Siheung-gun was relocated to Yeongdeungpo and area became a major hub for transportation and commerce.[3]

Except for Yeouido and Yanghwa-dong, Yeongdeungpo belonged to old Siheung County. In 1936, Yeongdeungpo (except for today’s Daerim-dong) was annexed to Gyeongseong (today’s Seoul). In 1949, some parts of Siheung County were ceded to Yeongdeungpo District of Seoul. These sections are today’s Guro-dong, Sindorim-dong, Daerim-dong and Sindaebang-dong.

January 1, 1963, Some areas of Bucheon County were combined to Yeongdeungpo District as below.

Old district New district
Ojeong myeon Ogok-ri and Osoe-ri Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul Ogok-ri, Osoe-ri, Hang-ri, Onsu-ri, Gung-ri, Cheonwang-ri, Oryu-ri, Gaebong-ri and Gocheok-ri
Sosa-eup Hang-ri, Onsu-ri, Gung-ri, Cheonwang-ri, Oryu-ri, Gaebong-ri and Gocheok-ri

Also, many parts of Siheung County were merged into this district at the same time.

During the post-Korean War industrialization period the district’s economy and population grew dramatically and as a result sections of the district were broken up to form new districts – Gwanak-gu being established in 1973, Gangseo-gu in 1977, and Guro-gu in 1980.[4]

Administrative divisions

Yeongdeungpo District is divided into the following “dong“s.

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