The 2016–17 FC Anzhi Makhachkala season was the club’s second season back in the Russian Premier League, the highest tier of football in Russia, since their relegation at the end of the 2013–14 season. Anzhi finished the season in twelfth, narrowly avoiding a Relegation play-off thanks to their head-to-head record against FC Orenburg, whilst also reaching the Quarterfinals of the Russian Cup, where they were knocked out by FC Ufa.
On 28 December 2016, Suleyman Kerimov sold the club to Osman Kadiyev. Two days later Pavel Vrba left by mutual consent, with Aleksandr Grigoryan being appointed as the club’s new manager on 5 January 2017.
- As of 24 February 2017, according to the RFPL official website
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.