Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat; Danish: Grønland) is the world’s largest non-continental island, in the far northeast of North America, largely within the Arctic Circle. Although it is still part of the Kingdom of Denmark, it was granted self-government in 1979. In 2008, it voted for more autonomy, in effect making it a separate country with formal ties to Denmark, and a member of the Nordic Council. Some inhabitants are now projecting the eventual road to full independence. Copenhagen remains responsible for its foreign affairs, and is a source of investment.

The closest neighbouring countries and territories are Iceland to the south-east, Canada to the west and the Svalbard islands of Norway to the north-east.

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Regions of Greenland

  Southern Greenland
Nicknamed “Sineriak Bananeqarfik” (Banana Coast) by the locals, this is the most easily accessed part of Greenland and the one subject to the least extreme temperatures. Surprisingly, farming is common in the lower parts of the region, especially around Igaliku. Dirt roads connect the farms, and go into canyons which are within sight of snow-covered mountains and glaciers.
  Western Greenland
Location of the capital Nuuk (Godthåb), a “city” with more than 17,000 people. Much of the population of Greenland lives in this region – Nuuk alone has more than twice the population of southern Greenland. The major airport, Kangerlussuaq, is in this region.
  Eastern Greenland
Eastern Greenland has significantly fewer people than the west. The only notable towns in this region are Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit. However, the area is easily accessible on tours from Iceland, and has excellent scenery.
  Northern Greenland
Much of Northern Greenland is occupied by the Northeast Greenland National Park. It is extremely remote, much like the East, but is colder. The northernmost land on Earth is in this region of Greenland.

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