President of Serbia and Montenegro

article - President of Serbia and Montenegro

The president of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Председник Србије и Црне Горе, romanized: Predsednik Srbije i Crne Gore) was the head of state of Serbia and Montenegro. From its establishment in 1992 until 2003, when the country was reconstituted as a confederacy (state union) via constitutional reform, the head of state was known as the president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Председник Савезне Републике Југославије). With the constitutional reforms of 2003 and the merging of the offices of head of government and head of state, the full title of the president was President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Председник Србије и Црне Горе / Председник Савета министара Србије и Црне Горе). In 2006 the office was abolished as the state union was dissolved, with Serbia and Montenegro becoming independent countries.

Head of state of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006)
Not to be confused with President of Yugoslavia.
President of Serbia and Montenegro
Председник Србије и Црне Горе

Standard of the President

Longest serving
Zoran Lilić

25 June 1993 – 25 June 1997

Residence White Palace, Belgrade
Precursor President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
Formation 15 June 1992 (15 June 1992)
First holder Dobrica Ćosić
Final holder Svetozar Marović
Abolished 3 June 2006 (3 June 2006)
Superseded by President of Serbia
President of Montenegro

. . . President of Serbia and Montenegro . . .

As head of state, the president had the power to

  • represent the country at home and abroad
  • appoint and recall heads of diplomatic and consular missions
  • receive letters of credence and recall from foreign diplomatic representatives
  • confer medals and other decorations
  • promulgate laws passed by the Parliament
  • call for parliamentary elections

In 2003, the powers of the president were extended to include the right to chair the Council of Ministers and propose the composition of the Council of Ministers to the parliament, effectively merging the powers of the head of government into the office. However, although the president became de jure both head of state and head of government, his role was largely limited because all the institutions were indirectly elected by confederal parliament, which was additionally elected by parliaments of member states.

Under the 1992 constitution, the president was elected by the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia for a four-year term. After the constitutional amendments of 2000, direct elections for the office of President were introduced. Under the 2003 constitution, the president was elected at the proposal of the president and vice president of the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro for a four-year term. The president of Serbia and Montenegro was a member of the Supreme Defence Council together with the president of Serbia and the president of Montenegro.

The results of the direct presidential elections of 2000 were as follows:

Candidate Nominator Votes %
Vojislav Koštunica Democratic Opposition of Serbia 2,470,304 50.24
Slobodan Milošević SPSJULSNP 1,826,799 37.15
Tomislav Nikolić Serbian Radical Party 289,013 5.88
Vojislav Mihailović Serbian Renewal Movement 145,019 2.95
Miodrag Vidojković Affirmative Party 45,964 0.93
Total (turnout 71.5%) 4,778,929 100.0
Invalid 137,991
Total votes 4,916,920
Eligible voters 6,871,595

. . . President of Serbia and Montenegro . . .

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. . . President of Serbia and Montenegro . . .

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