List of Huaorani people

This list contains members of the Huaorani tribe of Ecuador who are known for their connection with events surrounding Operation Auca.

Huaorani man and woman

Many names have alternative spellings, because the Huaorani language contains phonemes that were unknown to those who first studied the language. The Huaorani did not have a writing system until after outside contact, which led to a lack of spelling standardization.[1]

Surnames are sometimes used to indicate one’s father, but they do not appear to be commonly used in Huaorani culture.[citation needed]

Many dates are unknown because the Huaorani did not mark time for many years. Most dates are estimated by approximate ages during certain events, and a generation gap of about 20 years. Dates that have been verified are linked.

. . . List of Huaorani people . . .

  • Awañetae (c. 1915–c. 1955) was Gabo and Ompodae’s father. He was killed by Dabo while sleeping in his hammock.[citation needed]
  • Caento (Tyaento;[2] c. 1915–c. 1947) was Dayuma’s father. He was mortally speared in the knee by Moipa, crippling him at first. His death led to Dayuma’s flight from her home.[citation needed]
  • Dabo (born ca. 1935) is the killer of Awañetae. He also tried to kill Awañetae’s son, Gabo, with a machete. Later in life, Dabo gave up his life of killing, making the observation that the tribe would have killed each other off had they not stopped spearing each other. His wife’s name was Weba.
  • Dyuwi Tani (Dyuwe,[3]Yowi Tañi;[4] born c. 1935) was one of the six men from the attack at Palm Beach, and is one of the three surviving participants. A few months after the massacre, he and Nimonga also speared Nenkiwi. He had been promised to Gimade to marry, and his animosity was directed against Nenkiwi who had taken Gimade instead. Dyuwi later became a Christian and an elder in the Huaorani church. He and Kimo baptized Kathy and Steve Saint in 1970. He has a reputation as a quiet person.[citation needed]
  • Enkedi (c. 1915–c. 1950) was the father of Mincaye. He participated in an attack on the village of Arajuno and killed several Quichua Indians. When the Arajunos fought back, those who attacked with Enkedi fled, but he stayed to fight them and was killed.[5]
  • Itaeca (Itaeka born c. 1925) is Moipa’s brother. He speared Kimo’s mother and Moipa.[citation needed]
  • Gabo (c. 1935–c. 1955) was Ompodae’s brother. He was attacked and mortally wounded by Dabo. After receiving a severe cut on his face, he died soon afterwards.[6]
  • Gikita Wawae (Giketa,[7]Guikita; c. 1915–February 13, 1997[8]) was the leader of the attack at Palm Beach. He later became a Christian as well as an elder in the Huaorani church. During Operation Auca when Nate Saint was making gift drops from his airplane, Gikita was the first to offer a gift in return. He stole Paa’s parrot and put him in the basket for the missionaries.[citation needed]
  • Kimo Yeti[4] (born c. 1935) was one of the six men from the attack at Palm Beach, and is one of the three surviving participants.

Kimo took Dawa as his wife after participating in a spearing raid which killed most of her immediate family. They were not able to have children, but he never took another wife. In 1956, he was part of the spearing raid at Palm Beach where he is believed to have killed Pete Fleming, the last of the missionaries to be killed. Later he became one of the first Huaroni converts to Christianity (after Dayuma and his wife Dawa). He built a home for the missionaries, despite resistance from within the tribe. He later became an elder in the Huaorani church. Kimo, along with Dyuwi, baptized Kathy and Steve Saint in the Curaray River. Rachel Saint once took him and Komi to Berlin, Germany for a Billy Graham evangelistic conference where he shared his testimony in front of an international audience.[9]

  • Komi (born c. 1935) is Dayuma’s husband. Rachel Saint once took him and Kimo to Berlin, Germany for a Billy Graham evangelistic conference where he shared his testimony in front of an international audience. Their testimonies were reported to be so moving to the audience, that one pastor ran onto the stage to meet them.[9]
  • Mincaye Enquedi[4] (Mincayi, Minkayi, or Minkayani, Huao for “Wasp”;[10] born c. 1935 – 28 April 2020) was one of the six men from the attack at Palm Beach, of which there are three surviving participants. He later became a Christian as well as an elder in the Huaorani church. He has become one of the most outspoken of the Huaorani due to his many appearances in the United States alongside Steve Saint. The 2006 film End of the Spear focuses mainly on his life.

Mincaye is also the name of Mincaye’s grandson, who is sometimes called “Mincaye, Jr.” The name was also given to Jaime Saint as a tribal name.[citation needed]

  • Moipa (c. 1925–c. 1955) was known as one of the fiercest and strongest Huao warriors. He once attacked Arajuno and speared six Shell Oil Company employees. He also speared Kimo’s mother, but she survived. He also terrorized Dayuma’s family, severely wounding her father, Caento. Moipa was eventually killed by his brother, Itaeca, in retaliation.[citation needed]
  • Nampa (c. 1935–1956 or 1957) was Dayuma’s younger brother and was one of the six men from the attack at Palm Beach. His other sister, Gimade, was the love interest of Nenkiwi, and Nampa was so much against the idea of them marrying he was ready to spear Nenkiwi.

Nampa died after the attack at Palm Beach, and the time of death as well as the cause of death have been the subject of a small controversy. During the attack, he was injured in the head by a bullet fired from one of the missionaries’ pistols. Some claimed that Nampa died shortly afterwards from complications related to the injury,[11] while others have reported that he lived on for well over a year and died during a hunting expedition.[citation needed]

  • Nenkiwi (Kemi, Naenkiwi, Nankiwi, Nengkewi, or Nenquihui, nicknamed “George”; c. 193556) was one of the three visitors to Palm Beach two days before the massacre. He was following Gimade whom he wanted to marry. His first wife had been speared and he himself had drowned his second wife. At the time he already had two wives, as well as a reputation as a trouble maker. This led the tribe to be much against the idea of him marrying Gimade as well.

During the visit at Palm Beach, Nenkiwi ate hamburgers and spoke with the missionaries. Nate Saint took him for two rides in the airplane. During the second ride, Saint buzzed Nenkiwi’s village as he called to his friends below, almost falling out of the plane at one point. Later Nenkiwi lied to the other Huaorani and told them that the missionaries were hostile and had threatened him. This was the excuse that led to the massacre at Palm Beach, even though Mincaye said later that they knew Nenkiwi was lying.

Later that same year, Nenkiwi was speared by Dyuwi and Nimonga. As was Huao custom, his children were to be buried with him. His daughter was strangled to death and placed in the grave next to him, but his son, Tementa, who was a baby at the time, was saved by his mother, Epa.[citation needed]

  • Nimonga (Nimungka; c. 1935–1990) was one of the six men from the attack at Palm Beach. He is believed to have speared both Jim Elliot and Roger Youderian during the attack. Later, he and Dyuwi speared Nenkiwi.[citation needed]
  • Paa (born ca. 1950) is an elder in the Huao church. When he was a child, he was the owner of the tame parrot that was given to the missionaries during the gift drops. Paa was upset about giving up the bird, but he had no choice in the matter.[citation needed]
  • Tementa Nenquihui[4] (Tamaenta,[12]Teminta, Temente,[13]Tementa Nenquiwi Huamoni;[14] born c. 1956) is the son of Nenkiwi and Epa. He became a Christian and a tribal leader. He and Mincaye together baptized Anna McCully, the granddaughter of Ed McCully, in the Curaray River. He was trained to fly a powered parachute as part of Steve Saint‘s efforts to help the Huaorani become more self-dependent. His wife’s name is Nemontae.
  • Toñae (Tona c. 1947–1970) was the first Huaorani martyr. He was living with the upriver Huaorani tribe where the missionaries first came, although he was originally from the downriver tribe. The downriver and upriver tribes were historical enemies, and Toñae had been captured as a child during an upriver raid on the downriver tribe. After becoming a Christian, he wanted to return to his family to evangelize them as well. At first they were happy that he had returned home, but when they realized that he had given up spearing, they turned on him and killed him. The village of Tonampade is named after him.[citation needed]

. . . List of Huaorani people . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . List of Huaorani people . . .

© 2022 The Grey Earl INFO - WordPress Theme by WPEnjoy