Prejmer

Prejmer (German: Tartlau; Hungarian: Prázsmár) is a commune in Brașov County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Lunca Câlnicului (Farkasvágó), Prejmer, and Stupinii Prejmerului (Rohrau; Méheskert). Located 18 km (11 mi) northeast of Brașov, the Olt River passes through the commune.

Commune in Brașov, Romania
Prejmer

Coat of arms

Location within the county

Prejmer
Location in Romania
Coordinates:

45°43′N25°46′E

Country Romania
County Brașov
Government

  Mayor

(20202024)

Mihai-Florin Apafi[1] (PNL)
Area

60.48 km2 (23.35 sq mi)
Highest elevation

593 m (1,946 ft)
Lowest elevation

561 m (1,841 ft)
Population

 (2011)[2]
8,472
  Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zone EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
507165
Vehicle reg. BV
Website www.primariaprejmer.ro

At the 2011 census, 90.7% of inhabitants were Romanians, 6.3% Roma, 1.9% Hungarians and 0.8% Germans.

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The Teutonic Knights constructed the fortress Tartlau in 12121213 as part of their colonization of the Burzenland region. The town of Prejmer near the castle had begun development by 1225, and was the easternmost settlement of the Transylvanian Saxons. Prejmer was repeatedly invaded throughout the Middle Ages by various groups, including the Mongols, Tatars, Hungarians, Ottoman Turks, Cossacks, and Moldavians. However, the castle was only captured once, by Gabriel Báthory in 1611. Most of Prejmer’s German population fled the commune after the Romanian Revolution of 1989.

Prejmer is noted for its fortified church, one of the best preserved of its kind in Eastern Europe. Between 19621970, the Romanian government carefully restored it to its present condition; the restoration work was done under the direction of architect Mariana Angelescu and engineer Alexandru Dobriceanu. The church is modeled after churches of Jerusalem, as well as built in the style of Late Gothic churches from the Rhineland. In the 15th century, it was surrounded by a wall 12m high, forming a quadrilateral with rounded corners. The wall was reinforced by four horseshoe-shaped towers, two of which have since disappeared. The entrancea vaulted galleryis protected by a barbican and flanked by a lateral wall. The defensive structure is strengthened by embrasures and bretèches, while the covered way is surrounded by a parapet. The granaries and rooms that accommodated the villagers are arranged on four levels above the cellars.

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