John Edmund Sharrock Moore

John Edmund Sharrock MooreARCS (10 May 1870 – 15 January 1947) was an Englishbiologist, best known for being co-publisher of the term meiosis and leading two expeditions to Tanganyika.

English biologist (1870–1947)
John Edmund Sharrock Moore
Born
John Edmund Shorec Moore

(1870-05-10)10 May 1870

Died 15 January 1947(1947-01-15) (aged 76)

Cornwall
Known for Introduced the terms synapsis and meiosis
Spouse(s) Heloise Salvin
Children 1
Scientific career
Fields Cytology; Zoology
Institutions Royal College of Science; University of Liverpool
Author abbrev. (zoology) Moore

. . . John Edmund Sharrock Moore . . .

Born at Swinshaw near Loveclough, Rossendale, Lancashire, he was the son of Henry (1794-1869) and Mary Elizabeth Moore (née Margerison, died 1927).[1] His father was a cotton manufacturer and the first Mayor or Burnley (elected 1862). After 1878 Henry Moore became a colliery agent and moved the family to Southampton and then to Chiswick before 1891. His father became a sculptor, as did his sister Esther Mary Moore who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts.[2]

Moore studied at Tonbridge School, Kent for a year[2] and then Royal College of Science in South Kensington.[1]

In 1904 he married Heloise Salvin, second daughter of the naturalist Osbert Salvin.[1] Moore frequently used the name Salvin-Moore after his marriage.[2] They had one child Osbert John S Moore born 25 June 1905.

He retired in 1908 after the death of his father. In 1911 he was living with his wife and son in Chiswick with four of his sisters. During the 1920s he moved to Tresco, Isles of Scilly where his wife died on 4 Nov 1927. He lived there at least between 1929 – 1941. After a long retirement he died of heart failure and arteriosclerosis in West Cornwall Hospital, Penzance on 15 January 1947.[2]

Although he is often cited as John Edward Sharrock Moore, he used several versions of his name. For example he is listed as John Edmund Shorrock Moore-Salvin in Who’s Was Who (UK), a name he adopted after the death of his wife.[1][2]

In 1892 he created the biological term ‘synapsis’. Later in 1905 he would co-publisher the term ‘meiosis’ in collaboration with John Bretland Farmer.[3] His scientific interests lay in the new and rapidly developing field of cytology. Between 1892 and 1905 he worked in the Huxley Laboratory at the Royal College of Science on several projects within this field. He was supervised and generally mentored by George Bond Howes. He frequently worked alone, but collaborated with Farmer on meiosis and with both Farmer and Charles Edward Walker on cancer cytology.[2]

During this time he made three extended visits overseas to further his research.[2] The first was between 16 October 1893 and 9 June 1894 to the Marine Biological Station in Naples, using facilities hired by the British Association and in part supported by a Marshall scholarship.[1][2]

The other two were when he led the First and Second Tanganyika Expeditions (1895-1897 and 1899-1900). The objective was to survey the fauna of lakes, especially Lake Tanganyika and he recorded the outcome of the two expeditions in many publications.[2] During the second expedition he was the first to reach the snowline of the Rwenzori Mountains, ‘the Snows of the Mountains of the Moon’, attaining 14,900 feet and proved the existence of permanent glaciers.[1]

In 1900 he was appointed as a Demonstrator in Zoology at the Royal College of Science. He became an acting Professor of Zoology there from 1903 to 1905 while Howe was in poor health.[2] In 1906 he was appointed the Professor of Experimental and Pathological Cytology and Director of the Cancer Research Laboratories at the University of Liverpool, retiring in 1908. Walker moved with him to Liverpool as Assistant Director. The Mrs Sutton Timmis Memorial Fund initially supported their work on cancer. In 1908 Moore ceased all scientific activity.[2][1]

. . . John Edmund Sharrock Moore . . .

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. . . John Edmund Sharrock Moore . . .

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